An overview and explanation of common eye symptoms.
Whether you or someone you know is suffering from a common eye-related condition, we know that you want the facts! Here are some of the most common questions and eye-related disorders we see in our office every day. If you are experiencing any of these eye symptoms or have questions about your eye health, give us a call to schedule your next appointment today.
Why are my eyes red?
Red or bloodshot eyes are a common problem caused by swollen or dilated blood vessels on the outer surface of the eye. Sometimes red eyes bother people because they are in pain, but that’s not always the case.
Potential causes of red eye include:
- Pink eye
- Eye trauma
Why are my eyes itching?
Itchy eyes are one of the most common eye-related condition that patients experience. When an allergen (irritating substance) enters the eyes, your immune system responds with a natural defense mechanism by releasing a chemical causing the itching sensation.
Potential causes of itchy eyes include:
- Prolonged use of digital devices
- Contact lens usage
How do I reduce my symptoms of itchy eyes?
To reduce your allergy symptoms try using eye drops to help lubricate your eyes. While rubbing can provide temporary relief it puts you at risk for damaging your cornea or adding even more allergens and bacteria into your eye.
Why are my eyes puffy?
Swelling around the eyes is due to excessive fluids in the skin tissue. As this fatty tissue gains fluid it begins to push forward and “bags” form under the eye.
Excessive fluid and puffy eyes can be caused by:
- Sinus problems
- Overconsumption of salt
- Fatigue or lack of sleep
What is causing my burning, itchy eyes?
The sensation of burning eyes can be caused by a variety of everyday environments. For example, exposure to products such as makeup, facial cleansers, or shampoo may cause burning or itchy symptoms. Other factors like allergies, wind, and environmental irritants can also cause burning in your eyes. Keep track of what surroundings or products are causing these symptoms and try to reduce your exposure. If you live in a high wind or sandy environment, try wearing a pair of wraparound sunglasses to protect your eyes from the elements when outdoors.
I’m seeing spots and floaters, why?
Spots and floaters are a shadow in your vision caused by bits of protein and tissue in the gel-like matter in your eyes. It is normal to occasionally see spots or floaters in your vision and will become more common with age as the gel-like material in your eye begins to dissolve and liquefy.
I am experiencing eye pain, what should I do?
If you are experiencing prolonged eye pain or have a foreign object enter your eye, call our office immediately. It is important not to rub your eyes or try to remove the object yourself as this may irritate your eye further.
Describing Your Symptoms
Being able to describe the type of pain you are experiencing will help your eye doctor diagnose the problem. For example, pain behind the eye can be attributed to migraines or sinus infections.
Use descriptor from the list below to help describe the pain to your eye doctor.
- sharp or dull
- internal or external
- constant or inconsistent
- stabbing or throbbing
Regular comprehensive eye exams are key to early detection of eye-related diseases to keep you seeing your best every day. Adults should have a comprehensive eye exam every 1-2 years. Children should have an eye exam as early as 6 months, before they start school, and then every 1-2 years. If you or your family need a comprehensive eye exam, contact our office to schedule an appointment.
We often get questions about what an eye exam is like, so we’ve created an overview of a typical eye exam in our office.
Eye Exam Basics
What does an eye exam test for? Eye exams test your visual acuity and the overall health of your eye.
Why is an eye exam important? Eye exams check for early signs of serious eye and health problems; some of which may not present with any symptoms.
Who gives an eye exam? Your eye exam is performed by a licensed eye doctor.
Terms to know:
- Ophthalmologist: An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor (MD) who specializes in eye care. Ophthalmologists can prescribe eyeglasses and contacts but commonly specialize in treating medical conditions of the eye and performing eye surgery
- Optometrist: Optometrists are eye doctors who prescribe glasses, contacts, vision therapy, and medication to treat eye diseases. Optometrists are not trained or licensed to perform eye related surgery.
- Optician: An optician is not an eye doctor, but is an eye care professional who fits, adjusts, and repairs your eyeglasses. They can also help patients learn to apply, remove, and care for contact lenses.
What to prepare for your appointment?
Before your comprehensive eye exam, there are several materials you can prepare. First, create a list of all your prescription and non-prescription medications you take along with the dosage. This will help your eye doctor determine any vision risks you may have. Bring your most recent pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses, if you have them. Don’t forget to have a copy of your vision insurance card and other medical insurance cards with you. To learn more about the insurance providers our office accepts and other payment options, please call our office directly. Finally, bring a list of questions or concerns you may have about your eyesight to discuss with your eye doctor.
What to expect during your appointment?
Prepare for your eye exam to take an hour or more depending on the number of tests your eye doctor needs to evaluate your vision and eye health. A typical comprehensive exam is a series of visual tests to inform your eye doctor about your vision.
These tests help determine:
- Sharpness of near and distance vision
- Color blindness
- Lazy eye
- Ability to follow moving object and/or move between two separate fixed objects
- Depth perception
- Determine your eyeglass prescription
- Structures of the eye
- Glaucoma test
- Eye drop test to look inside your eyes
- Blind spots
What to do after the exam?
Following your exam, you will have the opportunity to explore the various frames and lenses found in our optical space. An optician will be available to assist you in selecting a pair of eyewear that best fits your lifestyle needs. If you choose to wear contact lenses, you will need to schedule a contact lens fitting appointment.
Once your new eyewear is ready to be picked-up, an optician will adjust your frame to fit you best and make it comfortable for everyday wear.
Finally, schedule your follow-up appointment for the next year. Regular comprehensive eye exams are essential in maintaining healthy vision. If you ever experience any sudden vision changes or eye injuries be sure to contact our office.
Ever wonder why your eyes are blue, green, brown, or somewhere in between? The colored part of your eye, the Iris, contains pigmentation which determines our eye color. Your parents pass on chromosomes which combine to customize your eye color.
How eye color develops
Eye color is not as simple as other genetic traits. Three different genes contribute to your eye color. Due to dominant gene types, darker colors like brown overpower lighter colors like blue and green. Colors such as gray, hazel, and multiple combinations are not as common and are not yet completely understood.
Most babies are born with blue eyes, but did you know their eyes can darken for three years? Melanin is a pigment not present at birth, which develops with age and causes eyes to darken. The more melanin someone has, the darker their eyes will be.
Facts About Common Eye Colors:
- Brown: Most common eye color worldwide. This varies between dark brown, light brown, and honey brown eyes.
- Blue: People with blue eyes have less melanin in their eyes than any other color. Blue eyes are thought to come from a genetic mutation of one individual.
- Green: Thought to be the most attractive and one of the rarest eye colors.
- Hazel: The hue of hazel eyes changes based on what you are wearing and the type of lighting you are in. Hazel eyes host a variety of colors.
Changes in eye color
When your pupil changes size, the pigments in the iris of your eye compress or spread apart causing the color of your eyes to change. Your pupils change size for a variety of reasons including changes in light and the distance of the object you are focusing on. Emotions can also change the pupil size and iris color.
Heterochromia is a condition in which a person’s eyes are different colors, caused by one eye having more melanin than the other. Typically, present at birth and is not considered an eye disease as it does not commonly cause vision problems.
Enhancing your eye color
- Wear eyeglass frames to compliment your eye color and skin tone.
Example: Determine if you are “warm” or “cool” toned skin and eye color then match your frames with a complementary color.
- Use eye makeup to bring out the color of your eyes.
Example: Pinks, purples, and silvers bring out the warmth in brown eyes.
- Wear clothing which compliments or contrasts your eye color.
Example: Orange, red, and gold highlight the natural hue of blue eyes.
- Choose hairstyles and colors to accentuate your eyes.
Example: Bangs and layers which frame the face draw more attention to your eyes.
- Colored contact lenses give you the opportunity to try out a new look.
Eyes are one of the most sensitive areas of the body and we tend to notice any pain related to our eyes relatively quickly. Here are a few common eye conditions and symptoms causing eyelid bumps. Have more questions? Give our office a call!
I have a red bump near the edge of my eyelid, what is this?
An infection called a stye causes this red bump. Bacteria enter the base of an eyelash and become infected. It can be contagious so it is important to wash your hands if you touch your eyes and not share any washcloths or hand towels with others. While a stye can be annoying, you should never pop or poke it. Eventually, a stye will heal on its own within a few days. Use a warm washcloth can help to alleviate some of the pain and speed up the healing process.
What is the bump inside my eyelid?
An infection called chalazion causes the bump inside your eyelid. This is similar to stye but found inside the eyelid on an oil gland. Typically, this red swollen bump is benign and containings fatty secretions that normally help lubricate the eye. Chalazions are not infectious and typically resolve on their own within a few days to a week. Try using a warm compress to help relieve discomfort and move along the healing process. If you are experiencing pain or discomfort from a chalazion and it does not heal on its own, call our office to schedule an appointment!
Why does my baby have tiny bumps on and around the eye area?
Milia are the tiny white or yellowish bumps seen around a baby’s eyes. These look similar to a whitehead but are not acne. Milia occur in clusters and are caused by dead skin cells getting trapped under the surface of the skin. Most commonly, they occur in babies but can be found at any age. Parents can expect milia on newborns to resolve on its own within a few weeks. Do not try to pop or remove milia yourself.
Why is my eyelid swollen?
Inflammation or excess fluid surrounding the eye causes a swollen eyelid. Eye infections, injuries, trauma, and allergies are the most common causes of a swollen eyelid. Whether or not you experience pain and how long the healing process will take is determined by the cause of the swelling. Are you experiencing swelling surrounding your eye from an unknown cause or for an extended period of time? Call our office to schedule an appointment or consult with your eye doctor.
Have more questions?
If your eyelid condition or concern does not fit into one of these categories or you have additional questions please call our office to schedule a consultation. The staff can answer all of your questions and give a personalized recommendation for your eye care.
Dr Joe Prell welcomes you
For more than 39 years, Dr. Joe Prell, Optometrist, has been providing a wide variety of professional and reliable services to the Reedsburg, WI area. We carry high-quality brands such as Marc by Marc Jacobs, DVF, Nike, Columbia, Tommy Hilfiger, Anne Klein, Banana Republic, WileyX, Sketchers, Vistakon, Ciba, and Bausch and Lomb. Come and visit us today!
- Eye disease management
- Foreign body removal
- Cataract co-manage
- LASIK co-management
- Contacts and glasses
- Retinal photography
- Diabetic exams
- TPA certified
- AOA and WOA member